PDF | A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one. Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine-Al-qanun fi al-tibb. The oldest copies of the second volume of ” Canon Of Medicine ” () by Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known in the . A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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Some are “compound members” such as the heart, the liver, and the brain.

His philosophical views have engaged the attention of Western thinkers over several centuries, and his books have been among the most important sources in philosophy.

Aal-qanun description of youth in regards to heat and moisture is given with respect to sex, geographical location, and occupation. Confusingly, there appear to have been two men called Gerard of Cremona, both translators of Arabic texts into Latin. Each member of the body is described to be given each its individual temperament, each with its own degree of heat and moisture. Each entry contains the substance’s name, its criteria of goodness which sometimes describes how the substance is found in natureand its nature or primary qualities.

He also gave his opinion of the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of some remedies, and gave details of where particular ingredients came from and how they were prepared. If the drug has an immediate effect, this shows that it has acted against the disease itself. Avicenna’s poem on medicine. If see Ibn Sina not concerned here with any specific kind of teaching, but merely with creating a happy childhood as regards physical, mental and moral health.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Springfield, Illinois; Charles C Thomas, ; p 52a.

Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine | Muslim Heritage

Medicine in the medieval Islamic world. It contains some of the most al-tkbb thoughts pertaining to distinction of mediastinitis from pleurisy; contagious nature of phthisis; distribution of diseases by water and soil; careful description of skin troubles; of sexual diseases and perversions; of nervous ailments.


Avicenna separates these into two categories, which are fairly self explainable within the context of what he had already defined al-tubb the temperaments. In general, there are four types of proper spirit: He was also the first to point out the fact that haematuria may be due to causes outside the urinary system, for example, blood diseases. As a result, it was said al-qanum be one of the most famous medical treatises in Europe, widely used in the universities of Salerno, Montpellier, Bologna and Paris up until the 17th century.

The Canon of Medicine

To ensure gentle catheterisation, Ibn Sina designed catheters with rounded, firm tips and many side holes from the skin of certain marine and other ql-tibb. If the experiment is carried out on the bodies a-ltibb [other animals] it is possible that it might fail for two reasons: It is a al-yibb translation, yet most of the terms of Arabic origin that are found in it have different meanings from those of today.

Spirit and Life – Aga Khan Museum”. Organs are nowhere near ideal in temperament, but skin comes the closest. This expanded theory of four temperaments is given in the following table: The four simple temperaments and four compound intemperaments can each be divided into “Those apart from any material substance” and “Those in which some material substance is concerned”, for a total of sixteen intemperaments.

Thereby, Ibn Sina represents a lively illustration of the meeting between philosophy and education, for the educator ap-tibb the philosopher are both faced with the same problems: Next are listed one or more of 22 possible general actions, followed by specific properties listed according to a grid of 11 disease types. The material cause, the efficient cause, the formal cause, and the final cause: The division into theoretical and practical parts differs from case to case, but we need not discuss these divisions in disciplines other than medicine.

This page was last edited on 14 Decemberat Walking has been learnt, but is not steady.


The Altibb of Experimental Biology: Finally, potential substitutes for the substances are given. He favoured proven remedies which had been tested through experience, cautioning that compounds could have unexpected or much stronger effects than might be expected from the effects of the individual components. The Canon says, for example, that females are colder and more moist.

This action represents both the direct and the accidental benefit of the drug. If some of the drugs are inadequate ao-tibb regard to heat when compared to the coldness of an illness, they will not be able to effect a cure. National Library of Medicine.

Known to us is the perceptible human body with its organs and its cells. We say experimenting leads to knowledge of the potency of a medicine with certainty after taking into consideration certain conditions.

As long as [the soul] is in the heart, it is quite warm, with the nature of fire, and the softness of bile is dominant. Chinese Japanese Korean Mongolian Tibetan. There are only four because something cannot be simultaneously hotter and colder or drier and moister. Some are “simple members” or “elementary tissue” such as bone, cartilage and tendons. A cura di Giuliano Tamani. He was also the first to point out the fact that haematuria may be due to causes outside the urinary system, for example, blood diseases.

The second part is a list of simple floral, mineral, and animal substances. If we try it on a hot disease, such as diurnal fever, it would also have a beneficial effect because it gets rid of yellow bile. The Canon of Medicine a-ltibb divided into five books: The miniatures shown here are the three basic stages of a physician’s visit with a patient: