The Body-cathexis Scale is examined to assess its psychometric properties. Results indicate a strong unidimensional measure with high internal consistency. The Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) was the first psychometric instrument devised to measure body dissatisfaction. In this study we report the. The oriainal Bodv-cathexis Scale (BCS) used by Secord and Jourard () consisted of a list of 46 parts or aspects of the body. These were rated by.

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British Journal of Psychology. It is recommended as a scale for research into the role of body feelings in self-concept and personality.

Clothing and Textiles Research Journal2, Sex differences in body cathexis associated with exercise involvement. Perceptual and Motor Skills53 3 Total body cathexis BC is obtained by summing the ratings for each of the 46 characteristics and dividing by total catthexis of items.

Respondents below the age of 17 were sampled from schools in Cork city and the remainder were students at University College, Cork; of the sample were female and were male. Consumer behaviour Psychoanalytic terminology. Relationship among body measurements, fit satisfaction, and body cathexis.

A psychometric investigation into the body-cathexis scale | Sean Hammond –

The determinancy and factor correlations are shown in Table 3. Factor V is a body-built factor associated with weight, while Factor VI is a body-built factor associated with physique and muscular strength. Body cathexis is defined as the degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction one feels towards various parts and aspects of his or her own body. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Skip to main content. What Difference Does Gender Make? The resulting a was 0. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 17 5 The number of items in the scale has varied over subsequent studies.


Consequently, a negative self-concept would be expected of an individual who perceives his or her body as falling short of culturally-determined ideals. Considering the importance of the construct of body-self in notions of personality and self-concept, the scale clearly has utility in further psychological research.

Gardner Press, New York. It is argued, on the basis of this investigation, that the BCS has good psychometric properties.

Similarly, social stimuli may play a reciprocal role in anticipating behavior, contributing to the formation of negative feelings about the body.

Body cathexis and the self. Nevertheless, the seven-factor solution, upon rotation, showed clear simple structure and ease of interpretation.

The factor correlations reveal that they are not mutually independent as the smallest inter-factor correlation is 0. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Clothing and Textiles Research Catthexis31 3 A Pearson product-moment inter-item correlation matrix was calculated and a maximum likelihood factor analysis was performed Joreskog, Body cathexis and the ideal female figure.


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It must be emphasized that such a procedure relaxes the criterion of detenninancy considerably and so no strong claim for the uniqueness of this solution can be made here.

Therefore, dissatisfaction with the fit of garments can lead to lower body cathexis and negative attitudes regarding overall appearance, body dimensions, and weight.

These were rated by respondents according to a 5-point Likert scale ranging from strong positive to strong negative cathexis. Among the few empirical studies relevant to the relatedness of the body and the self is that of Schilder, who — through a series of self-report sacle — procured evidence suggesting that negative feelings, associations, and memories about the body can probe higher levels of dissatisfaction with the self.

The results suggest that the measure has unidimensional properties.

Body Cathexis Scale (Secord and Jourard ) | Psychology Resource Centre

Journal of Applied Social Psychology. Split-half reliabilities for the scale reported by Secord and Jourard ranged from 0. This finding further undermines claims of a multidimensional scale.

Results indicate a strong cahtexis measure with high internal consistency. Body image and eating disorders.