Unlike the first English translation in , this edition contains the text corresponding to Brentano’s original edition. First chapter of Brentano’s Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint, setting out the philosophical basis of his work. BRENTANO’S PSYCHOLOGY FROM AN EMPIRICAL STANDPOINT: ITS Abstract. While Brentano’s most important philosophical writings were most certainly.

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The psychologist, according to Mill, has the task of investigating how far the production of one mental state by others is psycholgy by confirmable physical states. Perhaps both are correct.

Franz Brentano, Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint – PhilPapers

Brentano’s conception of these three disciplines is closely related to his distinction between the three kinds of mental phenomenon: So Aristotle had good reason for placing psychology above all the other sciences, as he did at the beginning of his treatise On the Soul, even though in so doing he took into consideration its theoretical advantages exclusively. The Inexact Character of its Highest Laws. Philosophical DebatesCambridge, Mass: The phenomena of light, sound, heat, spatial location and locomotion which he studies are not things which really and truly exist.

Die Vier Phasen der Philosophie und ihr augenblicklicher Standed. Intentionality in 19th Century Philosophy Brentano: In fact, Aristotle, who was the first to make a classification of science and to expound its separate branches in separate essays, entitled one of his works peri psychis.

If someone rejects the existence of a substance, he must assume that such a continuity does not require a substantial bearer. Without the use of psychology, the solicitude of the father as well as that of the political leader, remains an awkward groping.

Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint – CRC Press Book

The same mode of perception gives us all our knowledge of them, and numerous analogies relate higher and lower phenomena to one another. They could be an original and ultimate fact, they could be consequences of the previous mental history of those individuals, and they could be the result of differences in physical organisation. And with regard to determinations of spatial location, those who take appearances for true reality can easily be convinced of their error in a similar way.


Consequently, the adoption of the modern conception simplifies our work. This interpretation, however, does not pay due attention to the fact that according to Brentano, inner perception is not a self-standing mental phenomenon of a higher level, but rather a structural moment of every mental phenomenon. On the contrary, it appears to be an obvious correction necessitated by the nature of the subject matter itself. John Locke once conducted an experiment in which, after having warmed one of his hands and cooled the other, he immersed both of them simultaneously in the same basin of water.

Franz Brentano

We have seen what kind of knowledge the natural scientist is able to attain. Genetic psychology studies psychological phenomena from a third-person point of view. Kastil and Kraus did succeed, however, to begin to publish posthumously some of the lecture notes, letters, and drafts he had left. It is revealed by a simple consideration of the place which psychology occupies in the system of sciences.

Nevertheless, he candidly acknowledges his belief in immortality. He experienced warmth in one hand and cold in the empiriczl, and thus proved that neither warmth nor cold really existed in the water. Nonetheless, he produced a number of books in his years in Florence.

Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint

Even though he is far from ascribing consciousness to plants, he nevertheless considered the vegetative realm as living and endowed with souls. Internationales Jahrbuch der Franz Brentano Forschung. Their attempt to set up a Brentano-archive in Prague was supported by Tomas Masaryk, a former student of Brentano who had become standpoinf and first President from to of the Republic of Czechoslovakia.

Yet little agreement or clarity has been reached concerning them to this day. As always happens when two sciences touch upon one another, here too borderline cases between the natural and mental sciences are inevitable. As we have seen, however, in order to be what it should be, it is necessary that politics pay heed to psychology, just as the lesser arts must heed the teachings of natural science. His metaphysics as well as his logic and ethics provides examples of this.


This standpoint is clearly mirrored in his empirical approach to psychology. As a consequence, Brentano denies the idea that there could be unconscious mental acts: Meiner ; 2nd edition, intr. Nevertheless, the above conception of psychology seems to exclude at least one question which is of such importance that its absence standpoitn threatens to leave a serious gap in this science. With this, he wants to suggest that they do not have actual existence, but that we can make judgments about real things that are correct psjchology contain references to substances and accidents.

Unlike the first English translation inthis edition contains the text corresponding to Brentano’s original edition. Other interprets have taken more cautious lines.

Likewise, we know that pressure on the eye can arouse the same visual phenomena as would be caused by rays emanating from a so-called colored object. Print Hardcover and Paperback. Their work was continued by other, more careful editors, but has by far not yet been completed: Thus, for example, the idea of extension and three dimensional space develops from kinaesthetic sensations.

Zur Kenntnis psychollgy Lebens und seiner Werke. During his tenure in Vienna, Brentano, who was very critical towards his own writing, no longer wrote books but turned instead to publishing various lectures. He first characterizes this notion with the following words, which have become the classical, albeit not completely unambiguous formulation of the intentionality thesis: Biography Wundt Dilthey Husserl Nietzsche.

Further Investigations Concerning Psychological Method.