Coxa valga describes a deformity of the hip where there is an increased angle between the femoral When the angle is vara. Deformities of the hip can be divided into coxa valga and coxa vara. Coxa valga is a deformity due to an increase in the angle between the head and neck of the. Coxa valga is increased in femoral neck-shaft angle tp more than degrees. Like coxa vara, coxa valga could be congenital or acquired.

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One example of coxa vara with hip dysplasia is in Congenital Femoral Deficiency Femoral deformities can also arise after treatment of hip dysplasia. We respect your privacy and cox protecting it seriously.

Skull and face Craniosynostosis: A progressive varus deformity might also occur in congenital coxa vara as well as excessive growth of the trochanter and shortening of the femoral neck. The femoral osteotomy should be medially translated towards the inside to avoid a secondary translation deformity.

What are coxa valga and coxa vara?

One example is a deformity of the shape f the femoral head. The increased muscular pull on the femoral head due to spasticity and abnormal forces eventually may cause subluxation or dislocation. Acquired f deformities M20—M25, M95— The commonest cause of progressive coxa valga is cerebral Palsy Palsy means weakness. The Ganz osteotomy does not actually lengthen the femur, as the Morscher and Wagner approaches do. Intramembranous bone is without physes and grows and then stops as controlled by genetic script.

By the adolescent Growth Growth includes the processes [Modeling is also part of bone growth] that causes increase length and girth before the closure of to epiphyseal plate closure [There is gain xoxa length after epiphyseal plate closure].


This page was last edited on 1 Aprilat For more information, see Hip Dysplasia Deformities of the hip can valha divided into coxa valga and coxa vara. Wagner Osteotomy The Wagner osteotomy is used to change the part of the femoral head that is articulating with the acetabulum. The greater trochanter is lateralized, increasing abductor lever arm. This human musculoskeletal system article is a stub.

This will result in good varz of the hip. Intra-articular deformities of the hip are deformities of the femoral head at its connection to the femoral neck.

The femoral neck length is increased Morscher Osteotomy The Morscher osteotomy does not change the orientation of the femoral head in the acetabulum and therefore the congruity of the hip joint stays the same. It’s assembled clxa bones that are constantly rebuilding and joints that allow you to move.

Hip Evaluation Evaluation of the hip is important for developing treatment strategies. A previous pelvic osteotomy had been performed B – Ganz relative neck lengthening and trochanteric transfer Intra-Articular Deformities Intra-articular deformities of the hip are deformities of the femoral head at its connection to the femoral neck.

The center of rotation of angulation CORA is at the center of the femoral head. In some cases, an osteotomy of the iliac wing of the pelvis is performed to shorten the requisite amount for muscle reattachment. Varus osteotomy is not indicated in these cases and may even result in poor development of the hip following operation. Correction of coxa valga is a varus osteotomy of vaga femur.

The main indication is improved congruity and reduction of joint forces when the femoral head is not spherical. Coca, the shape of the upper femur is affected by any imbalance of muscle forces around it.


Premature epiphyseal closure is described as one of the ethiological factors of coxa vara. Valgus osteotomy for correction of coxa vara. Clinically, the condition presents itself as an abnormal, but painless gait pattern. Congenital coxa vara results in a decrease in metaphyseal bone as a result of abnormal maturation and ossification of proximal femoral chondrocyte.

Coxa valga – Wikipedia

CT can be used to determine the degree of femoral anteversion or retroversion. At the Paley Institute, we offer the most technologically advanced treatment methods, with an emphasis on joint reconstruction and preservation over joint replacement. Correction of the deformity often requires correction in all three planes. The evaluation will include hip range of motion ROMassessment of hip impingement, rotation profile of the femur and tibia, hip flexion and abduction strength, and pain.

A good example of a femoral varus osteotomy is the Nishio osteotomy. Original Editor – Sofie De Coster. Toggle navigation p Physiopedia.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There is less danger to the circulation of the femoral head than with the other two approaches because the dislocation helps avoid injury to the femoral head. For example, treatment for avascular necrosis can result in growth arrest of the upper femur. Coxa valga and coxa vara are deformities of the hip.