The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard (–). L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only.

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Lugard argued that Africa’s enormous resources lay wasted not only because Africans did not recognize their uses and value, but also because they did not possess the know-how to develop and exploit them.

He realised that there were vast profits to be made through the export of resources such as rubber, and through taxation of native populations as well as importers and exporters The British taxpayer continually made a loss from the colonies in this period.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Such arrangement in which imperial orders were disguised as those of the chiefs ensured quick compliance by the people. Lugard pushed for native rule in African colonies.

The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

During this period he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the Slavery Convention. There was a problem with your submission. A Concise History of Hong Kong. However, in practice the British turned the chiefs into agents of the colonial administration.


Decentralization and continuity could only be achieved if cooperation existed within the administrative chains, especially between the provincial staff and local rulers. InLugard returned to Nigeria as Governor of the two protectorates.

Dual Mandate, Africa |

These chiefs would lose their political autonomy and become subordinated to the authority of colonial administrative agents such as the resident or the district officer. The series of intermittent armed clashes that took place up to mid is known as the Karonga Waror sometimes the Arab War.

Stanley during the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition.

He became the first chancellor, despite a cold receptions from the imperial Colonial Office and local British companies, such mandafe the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. He also saw state-sponsored colonisation as a way to protect missionaries, local chiefs and local people from each other, as well as from foreign powers.

Although controversial in Lagos, where it was opposed by a large section of the political class and the media, the amalgamation did not arouse passion in the rest of the country because the people were unaware of the implications. Lugard was knighted in for his service in Nigeria. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Barack Obama, 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the….

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Frederick Lugard

Secondly, he argued that Britain practiced a beneficent regime that taught Africans the value of freedom and liberty, hence their mamdate for independence. In AugustLugard organised the West African Frontier Force and commanded it until the end of Decemberwhen the disputes with France were settled. Indirect rule was thus less successful here.

He preferred to advance prominent Hausa and Fulani leaders from traditional structures. Retrieved 7 December Some of his justifications included spreading Christianity llugard ending ‘barbarism’ luard as human sacrifice. Unlike northern and southwestern Nigeria, the provinces in the southeast did not possess the centralized political system required for indirect rule to work.

Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. A very deep devotion and partnership grew up between them.

Frederick Lugard | British colonial administrator |

Lugard’s chief interest was education and he was largely remembered for his efforts to the founding of the University of Hong Kong in Lugard aggravated many groups in Yorubaland when he ignored tradition and arbitrarily elevated the status of some rulers.

Hong Kong University Press. There were no children from the marriage. Pottinger Davis Bonham Bowring H. As custodian of Africa’s resources, however, imperial Europe was committed to Africa’s development and the advancement and welfare of its people.