HUKBALAHAP MOVEMENT. Born of the People^ By Luis Taruc. International Pub- lishers, New York. Pp. An autobiography of Luis Taruc, this book . The friar estate, legally and illegally acquired, grew to such an extent as to swallow up the parcels of land belonging either to the public domain. The Hukbalahap Movement CSC Subject Area Strategic Issues THE HUKBALAHAP MOVEMENT The Writing Program Command and Staff College LtCol.

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Inas an attack against the government, Hukbalahap members allegedly ambushed and murdered Aurora QuezonChairwoman of the Philippine Red Cross and widow of the Philippines’ second president, Manuel L.

The Huk military structured was modeled after the Chinese Red Army. Some responded move,ent joining the Huk camps and donating their services directly to the guerrilla movement.

Most of the landowners were collaborators during the Japanese occupation [1] and were no longer interested in tenant-farming.

An election was held in April for positions in the new government.

The rebellion lasted for years, with huge civilian casualties. A Study of Peasant Revolt in the Philippines.

Hukbalahap Rebellion – Wikipedia

Communism in the Philippines: One department collected intelligence uukbalahap about the military, another handled communication between different barrios and Huk movemenr, and the third arranged for supplies. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.

Notwithstanding hujbalahap name change, the HMB continued to be popularly known as the Hukbalahap, and the English-speaking press continued to refer to it and its members, interchangeably, as “The Huks” during the whole period between and The Huks staged a rebellion against the Roxas presidency within months after the Philippine independence and days after Feleo’s murder.


Within days of the so-called “truce”, violence once again erupted in Central Luzon.


Local police, military police, and even “civilian guards” intimidated, arrested, and even killed Huk veterans and PKM supporters. Just as in the mainstream society, most if not all nurses in the Hukbalahap were women. This situation was especially true in the Central Luzon area of movemeent Philippines.

Philippine independence from the United States was scheduled for July 4, Communism in the Philippines: In his study of the relationship between the Soviet Union and the communist movement in the Philippines, Harvard University ‘s Stephen J Morris wrote that “There is no evidence that the Soviet Union ever provided weapons to the communist-led Huk insurgents, but in their struggle, the Philippine communists were receiving at least propaganda support from the Soviet Union.

President Roxas employed what he termed a “Mailed-Fist Policy” to stop the rebellion. Most were between the ages of fifteen and thirty-five, single, and lived in peasant households. Bythe Communist Party of the Philippines PKP had resolved to reconstitute the organization as the armed wing of a revolutionary party, prompting a change in the official name to Hukbong Mapagpalaya ng Bayan, [3]: These fighters’ weaponry was obtained primarily by stealing it from battlefields and downed planes left behind by the Japanese, Filipinos and Americans.

In areas that the group controlled, they set up local governments Sandatahang Tanod ng BayanBarrio United Defense Corps and instituted land reforms, dividing up the largest estates equally among the peasants and often killing the landlords. University of California Press. Civilian casualties were substantial and the Huks decided to retreat into the mountains and to their guerrilla lifestyle. The landlord tenant relationship is a business partnership, it is not a family.


Aside from the men, there were a surprisingly large amount of women volunteers joining, being moved by the atrocities and abuses committed by the Japanese against the people. The barrio government also had three departments, with a person-in-charge leading it. These village-based BUDCs became important sites for female mobilization and politicization where women, operating under the nominal protection of the Japanese, could communicate with other villagers, discreetly gather information about the Japanese, and organize support for guerrilla activities without attracting suspicion.

Hukbalahap Rebellion

This period saw the collapse of the social structures maintained under the Spanish for more than three centuries.

His right-hand man was Luis Taructhe future supreme commander of the Huks. Celia Reyes and Avelina Santos worked as treasurers in their respective camps. Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June Use mdy dates from September Wikipedia references cleanup from June All articles needing references cleanup Articles covered hukbbalahap WikiProject Wikify from June All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from November Articles with dead external links from April Articles with permanently movwment external links Philippines articles missing geocoordinate data All articles needing coordinates.

Roxas died in office in hukba,ahap was succeeded by his vice president, Elpidio Quirino.