John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().

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From Gerard to the Royal Society. Although Gerard took almost complete credit for the work, it may actually have been based on a hdrball of Stirpium historiae pemptades sexby the Flemish botanist Rembertus Dodoens.

English herbalist and author”. Contact our editors with your feedback. Garth, who described Gerard as “a worshipful gentleman and one that greatly delighteth in strange plants” had Johhn American contacts from where he would import rarities. In he requested that the Barber—Surgeons’ Company establish a physic garden “Mr. Very much enlarged and amended by Thomas Johnson, Citizen and Apothecarye 3rd herbalp.

Robert Priest, a member of the London College of Physicians, was commissioned to translate Rembert Dodoens’ collected works Stirpium Historiae Pemptades Sex into English, but he died before the book was published.

Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History. In addition to the general desire for greater accuracy in publication, the discovery of previously unknown plants brought over from the Americas familiarized botanists with the concept of geographical variation and distribution, broadening the scope of the genre. He recommended a decoction of the leaves against jaundice and internal bleeding. English naturalists from Neckham to Ray: However, Gerard was then faced with the gerardd of matching them to the text and frequently mislabelled them.


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Mixed with barley meal, rose oil, and vinegar, basil juice was also used as an anti-inflammatory and as an antidote for snakebites. Please try again later. Lest the Author of the divine johhn would evade you, any plant should show God as present.

Herbalists English botanists English botanical writers births s deaths English male writers People from Nantwich Pre-Linnaean botanists.

This page was last edited on 24 Octoberat In addition, what should be page 33 is numbered 29, and so forth, so that all pages following the 33rd page gerqrd four numbers off. This has led to Gerard being accused of plagiarismand even a “crook”.

Gentian was named in honor of King Gentius of Illyria B. What is an herb?

Culinary Gleanings from John Gerard’s Herball

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. While an apprentice, he traveled and found several previously unknown plants in Britain, then continued his botanical explorations and published two books on the subject: The earliest printed works in Renaissance natural history fell into two categories: Lankester, Edwin jhn, ed. Boulger, George Simonds The woodblocks were shipped from Antwerp to London for the purpose. Little is known about his upbringing and education but it is known that he attended school in Willaston, close to Nantwich.

The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes ()

Many people believed that the mandrake root screamed as it was pulled from the ground. Gerard married Anne or possibly Agneswho died inand by her had five children, of whom only one, Elizabeth, survived them. Leaves Nnnn6 and Yyyy4 are missing from this copy, as are several leaves hergall the appended Index Latinus and Nominum quorandam.


Additional value has been placed on the Herball by students of literature. George Baker describes this garden in his preface to the Herball as follows “all manner of strange trees, herbes, rootes, plants, floures and other such rare things, that it would make a man wonder, how one of his degree, not having the purse of a number, could ever accomplish the same”.

For example, the herb which produces the deathlike sleep of Juliet or Cymbeline may refer to nightshadeMandragora or Doronicumall of them listed and described in the Herball.

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Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. While the Spanish were the first to introduce American plants to Europe, explorers from other countries soon followed.

The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (1597)

Gerafd, Benjamin Daydon He also exchanged plants with Clusius and cultivated a certain “Captain Nicholas Cleet of the Turky Company” from whom he obtained specimens from the Middle East.

Gerard recommended foxglove as an expectorant:. He was the author of a 1,pages illustrated Herball, or Generall Historie of Plantesfirst published in It also contained a large amount of folklore. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Retrieved 4 November