Background Key Concepts of Jomini to Continental Strategy Jomini’s Ideas and their Validation on the Nature of Warfare Contributions in Advancing Strategic. interpreting his contributions to strategy and the art of war: Antoine Henri Jomini ( ) and Carl von Clausewitz (%. ). The purpose of this. Baron Antoine Reuri Jomini is generally recognized as the dominant military strategist tactics and strategy, particularly that of the South, and the inevitable.

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The young Clausewitz also accepted Strrategy fundamental strategic theme: Simultaneously, the two writers’ overt mutual insults tend to make other readers—those who are not familiar with both works—assume a basic contradiction in their views.

Most frequently, Jomini is treated as being somehow the opposite of Clausewitz: I perceived that this secret consisted in the very simple manoeuvre of carrying the bulk of his forces upon a single wing of the hostile army; and Lloyd soon came to fortify me in this conviction. Jomii, as those of our epoch have also contributed to the progress of the science, in seeking to explain causes of success, I shall be permitted to say a few words on them.

At the same time appeared also in Germany, under modest title of an introduction to the study of the military art, a valuable work by M. The fall of Napoleon, by giving up many studious officers to the leisures of peace, became the signal strateyy the apparition of a host of military writings of all kinds.

The Present Theory of War and Its Utility

Military Thought from Machiavelli to Hitler Princeton: The artillery, since Gribeauval and d’Urtubie has had its Aide-Memoire, and a mass of particular works, in the number of which are distinguished those of Decker, Paixhans, Dedon, Hoyer, Ravichio and Bouvroy.

FeuquiPres and Lloyd had indicated the road without having had many imitators until the Revolution. A common historical interest in the campaigns of Frederick the Great. And, of course, some people are simply tired of hearing about this long-dead genius. These insults, because they refer to the Prussian by name, have more meaning to readers unfamiliar with On War than do the Summary ‘s concessions on theoretical issues. Mahan had become familiar with at least the broad outlines of Clausewitz’s thought by the s.

Berthier, however, not only erased Jomini’s name from the list but also put him under arrest and censured him in army orders for failing to supply certain staff reports that had been called for. Jomini acknowledged the truth of Clausewitz’s strong connection between politics and war. He saw the revolutionary warfare in which he himself had participated as merely the technical near-perfection of a fundamentally unchanging phenomenon, to be modified only by superficial matters like the list of dramatis personaetechnology, and transient political motivations.

Antoine-Henri Jomini

Guibert, in jomoni excellent chapter upon marches, touches upon strategy, but he did not realize what this chapter promised. Mahan’s own copy has been lost, but his marginal notes were transcribed into a copy donated to the Naval War College by Puleston, Mahan’s biographer.


Perhaps the very Clausewitzian complexity of that war’s aftermath will squelch the effort to renew Jomini’s claim to Guru status. Jomini strongly advocated simplicity and praised the Napoleonic strategy of a strateegy victory gained by quickly massing troops, as well as the French general’s objective of capturing capital cities as a signal of defeat. His writing style—unlike Clausewitz’s—reflected his constant search for an audience.

This essay is missing from or severely edited in most English language editions, although it is present in the American translation. Lincoln’s chief of staff General Henry W. Jomini and Clausewitz may have caught a glimpse of one another from opposite sides during the tragic crossing of the Beresina river during the French retreat from Moscow, but there is no evidence that they ever met.

There are then nothing but usages, the principles of which are unknown to us. As a child he was fascinated by soldiers and the art of war and was eager to attend the Prince de Wurtemberg’s military academy in Montbelliard, but his family’s circumstances did not permit this.

My first essay was a strwtegy treatise upon the orders of battle, strategic marches and lines of operations; it was arid from its nature and quite interspersed with historical citations which, grouped by species, had the inconvenience of presenting together, in the same chapter, events often separated by a whole century; Lloyd especially convinced me that the critical and argumentative relation of the whole of a war had the advantage of preserving connection and unity in the recital and in the events, without detriment to the exposition of maxims, since a series of ten campaigns is amply sufficient for presenting the application of stratdgy the possible maxims of war.

Clausewitz, Carl von, eds. An ignorant man, endowed with a natural genius, can do great things; but the same man stuffed with false stfategy studied at school with pedantic systems, will do nothing good unless he forget what he had learned. Mahan’s father, military educator Dennis Hart Mahan, is generally considered to have been a devout Jominian, and so is his son though in fact both were creative thinkers in their own right, and calling them “Jominians” is an unfair characterization.

The grossly inept early campaigns of the French Revolution had, in fact, inspired Jomini’s jomuni for scientific principles underlying successful warfare, but he waited to publish his Histoire critique until most of the generals he criticized were dead. Thus Jomini and Clausewitz often appear either as opposites or as twins. Second, and stratey common with a number of Clausewitz’s later strtaegy, he found the Prussian’s approach intellectually arrogant, overly metaphysical, and simply too damned difficult to digest.

General Rogniat gave matter for controversy in wishing to bring back the system of the legions, or of straregy divisions of the republic, and in attacking the somewhat adventurous system of Napoleon. Jominj cannot deny to General Clausewitz great learning and a facile pe; but this pen, at times a little vagrant, is above all too pretentious for steategy didactic discussion, the simplicity and clearness of which ought to be its first merit.

Graham’s translation of On War. Jomini’s ideas were a staple at military academies, the United States Military Academy at West Point being a prominent example; his theories were thought to have affected many officers who later served in the American Civil War.


Moving to Paris inJomini worked as a bank clerk for Monsieurs Mosselmann before leaving to become a stockbroker in partnership with another young man.

These points are most easily found in the bibliographical essay which opened the original French edition of the Summary” Notice: He also provided stratwgy definitions for modern sstrategy such as the “theater of operation.

This book is without contradiction, the most complete that exists on the tactics of battles, and if it falls sometimes into an excess contrary to that of the Prussian general, by prescribing, in doctrines details of execution often impracticable in war, he cannot be denied a truly remarkable merit, and one of the first grades among tacticians.

One of his last essays dealt with the Austro-Prussian War of and the influence of the breech-loading strqtegy. First, he correctly distinguished his own work from Clausewitz’s by pointing to its explicitly instructional i.

But those writers had not penetrated very far into the mine which they wished to explore, and in order to form a just idea of the state of the art in the middle of the 18th century, it is srategy to read what Marshal Saxe wrote in the preface to his Reveries.

Jomini was thus engaged when the retreat from Moscow and the uprising of Prussia transferred the seat of war to central Germany. Those who shall have read my campaign ofpublished ten years before his, will not deny my assertion, for there is not one of my reflections which he has not repeated.

Napoleon’s successes in Italy at Lodi, Castiglione, and Lonato inspired Jomini to begin to write on military matters, and he began to study comparative warfare in earnest. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Jomini and Clausewitz–Their Interaction

His ideas on war are heavily influenced by the mass popular warfare of the French Revolutionary period, and those ideas were uncomfortable to conservative aristocrats. For Clausewitz to reject Jomini’s approach stdategy theory while defending his own seemed somehow hypocritical. A child of the Enlightenment, he sought to determine jomkni laws of military strategy, inviolate scientific principles that could be followed to wage a successful war. Civil War and was used by generals at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.

War in its ensemble is NOT a science, but an art.

His greatest source of inspiration may, however, have been neither Jomini nor Clausewitz, but the Archduke Charles. Throughout his career in the army of Napoleon, Jomini exhibited complete confidence in his ability to discern “correct” and “incorrect” strategies in line with his theories. But all that by no means dissipated the darkness of which the conqueror of Fontenoy complained.